Case Study 2: Urban Agriculture in Kampala
Urban agriculture is a practice carried out in most cities in the developing world. It is often practised by vulnerable groups, the majority of whom are women. It alleviates hunger and poverty for those who lack wage-employment, whether through home consumption or small-scale marketing of crop or livestock outputs.
However the policy and legal framework affecting urban agriculture is almost always adverse. Most city laws and indeed national laws either don’t have anything at all to say about urban agriculture, or determine the practice a nuisance. Urban agriculture goes against most accepted city planning approaches, is perceived to carry health risks in built-up areas, and has environmental implications. This adverse policy environment results in at best minimal support to agriculture in cities, or, more usually, active harassment of those practising it.
In Kampala however, a process lasting several years has recently led to new City Ordinances that seek to support urban agriculture as an important economic activity, whilst regulating against the potential adverse effects. Kampala is almost unique in passing such laws.
This case study explores the process leading to the agreement on these new ordinances, and the role of key actors, events and influences in this process. The case study was done in partnership with the International Potato Centre (CIP) through the Urban Harvest initiative, and the Kampala Urban Food Security, Agriculture and Livestock Coordinating Committee (KUFSALCC), an alliance of public, research and civil society organisations, concerned to promote availability of safe, healthy food for Kampala.